Saturday, October 31, 2015


1. Review the entire pre-existing application.

2. Try to single-out the equal and exclusive functions of the application.

3. If not, single-out the exclusive but not always equal range of solutions for the application.

4. If not, single-out the exclusive operators of the application in terms of equivalence.

5. If not, try replacing symbols for fineness, process, decoherence, and coherence with symbols that represent these things within the old system. Use new symbols as necessary.

6. The general operation of the system can now be seen to have two major operations, assuming there are four exclusive operators: relation of A-B to C-D, and relation A-D to C-B (the dashes represent logical conjunction such as 'is the function of' or 'X quality of Y state / Y quality of X state').

7. The general system now involves selecting within the four operators to determine the operator that has most primacy. The diagram can now be rotated to select what category of system is operating, and determine the related correlations.

8. By now, you probably have an idea that some of the original data was being ignored in the operation of the original system.

9. Hopefully also, you now have an idea of how to generalize your application for the purposes of coherent philosophy!

Note: Some operations, such as a linear equation or linear parsing are not likely to have allegories within this system. Instead, they represent singular or binary relations of categories which simply scale to complexity, rather than being exponential or efficient.

Friday, October 30, 2015


Nathan Coppedge, author of Picture Feature: How To Avoid Real Scams and Become Master of Your Business, offers basic tips on how any company or individual acquires capital:

1. Sell cheap things for slightly less cheap. Make a small profit. 2. Lend money and exercise authority to get it back with interest. 3. Make a flashier product and create a market with advertising. 4. Meet a need and a standard and remain ahead of the curve. 5. Create a bad product and sell for cheaper than cheap. 6. Create an addictive product, and hike prices when it is taxed. 7. Take labor overseas, and reduce overhead. 8. Reduce labor, and reduce the number of employees. 9. Sell electronic services, and reduce management. 10. Sell services for merchants. like shovels or book printing. 11. Predict the market, and make all your money investing. 12. Invest conservatively, with an initial lump sum. 13. Offer services that no one else can offer. 14. Work with lucky people. 15. Make a good deal. 16. Use cheap, efficient services. 17. Raise average product value. 18. Corner the market by finding a permanent advantage. 19. Sell your company at a profit. 20. Out-think / out-market your competitors. 21. Put labor into long-term advantages. 22. Do something new and interesting with your ideas. 23. Follow trends before planning a product line. 24. Think professionally when designing your products. 25. Have a popular attitude with your product. 26. Predict the unpredictable: think outside the box! 27. Design with industry in mind... 28. Create a consumer-product relationship paradigm ('modules'). 29. Make a product that does some work ('calculus' 'paint' etc.). 30. Make something that is easy to use. 31. Bet on the good guys (high-quality producers). 32. Work with an identity concept in mind (architects, for example). 33. Perfect the product. 34. Skrew the big predictions: do what you do best!

Perpetual Motion Investment Advice Part 8

17,715.84 Down 39.96(0.23%)

Stocks are down very slightly: just 0.23%.

The 17,700s suggest a role to me of better investment in the little guy to get things done.

There is also a role for human intellectual capital with added exponents from computers.

That's about all the advice I have for now.

Oh, also, 71584 spells 'GIEHD' which suggests the A.I.s are feeling pessimistic about American military industries. However, there has been a lot of recent military tech. So, again, they must be balancing that idea of poor military technologies against some more significant fact, perhaps the existence of perpetual motion, or the related irrationality of certain human A.I. manipulators, like Bill Gates, or somebody else who won't believe in perpetual motion / over-unity / free energy.

One thing to invest in even if you don't believe in perpetual motion is the Downdraft Energy Tower, (I would call it the condensation tower, or pressure condensation tower) which uses sprinklers to create relatively powerful turbine energy. It could be built in skyscrapers even in non-arid environments, because it is really (small detail) about air-pressure, not moisture! I almost feel like I invented this thing myself! That's how efficient it is! Contact Israeli energy industries if you want to build one of these excellent, (now) well-engineered constructions. They're probably cheap on a government or U.S. state budget (c'mon: watersprinklers, 400-ft. tall tower? This is child's play! Why do you even need encouragement! They say it also runs salinization, which is useful these days, say in the California Drought. How to make money 101!)

As usual, if you really need money, invest in mutual funds and make sure to tell the stock manager that you want the 'conservative route'. It's a little evil, but it is risk-free, and may result in up to perhaps 60% return in 6 years or less.

Remember, there aren't any perpetual motion, over-unity, or free energy stocks yet that I know of (there is one company called Perpetual Motion, but it is rather conservative). So, try mutual funds if you need money. Or wait for markets to blow up, and then bet on things related to the inventor of perpetual motion, like energy corporations that build perpetual motion machines, toy companies that sell over-unity toys, or big brand-name companies that sell other types of merchandise related to perpetual motion and science or anti-science, etc.

#overunitystocks #freeenergystocks #perpetualmotionstocks #investmentadvice

Improved ranking at!

Nathan Coppedge
now in the Top 3% of researchers in a recent poll.

Less than 100 views / follower.

Additional Life / Immortal Concepts


The Challenging Heaven: the heaven that is a difficult combination is a mechanism for achieving happiness in the immortal life. The mechanism lies within the mind. Heaven is everywhere, somewhat like a computer waiting to be hacked. Even problems can be solutions.

The Little Pyramid: sometimes we find a little series of platforms, like notches or shelves in an angled wall. This is an opportunity to grow our ability to transcend the ordinary, by imagining where we are on the plateau (usually where our eyes are), and imagining that we can climb a little further. The epic is simple struggling with our body. But the acheivement is the opposite: something extraordinary.

The Neglected Divining Tools: happenstantial sticks and so on can be seen as neglected divining tools. As such, they are divine.

The Silver Lining: A small bright shell amidst dirty debris, a slightly more complex pattern in a piece of cloth, someone slightly more self-conscious in a crowd: these types of things can give hints of a sliver lining, a life that is elevated into extraordinary realizations, states of self-appreciation and self-awareness. They involve a capacity of interpretation, an additional depth that goes beyond the typical.

These four stages can also be seen as: Gem, Sticks, Chinese Things, and Heaven.


+1 permanent point for every four-leaf clover
(+2 permanent points for every five-leaf clover
+3 special points for every six-leaf clover)
+1 temporary points every time you eat a whole tomato
+2 permanent points if you have your own living space
+3 permanent points for every degree of education
+21 points if you have a weak magic ring, but -10 points here if you don't know magic.
+42 points if you have a medium magic ring, but - 30 points here if you are a loner.
+84 points if you have a strong magic ring, but -30 points here if you are uneducated.

-4 permanent points if you're male and you masturbated recently.
-3 points if your living space is cluttered.
-2 permanent points every time you take your laptop to bed

-1 temporary point every time you think negative thoughts

+1 for up to 5 consecutive days of eating good food.


6 points = sell 1 book.
12 points =  sell 10 books.
18 points = sell 100 books.
24 points = sell 1000 books.
32 points = sell 10,000 books.
44 points = sell 100,000 books.
58 points = sell 500,000 books.
70 points = sell 2,000,000 books.
140 points = sell 5,000,000 books.
280 points = sell 100,000,000 books.

But, remember, J.K. Rowling has a magic ring, according to one interview (I think).

Perpetual Motion or "Post-Perpetual Motion" Educational Model by Nathan Coppedge

After achieving perpetual motion, the following types of classes might be requisite for any high school learning environment, to stimulate innovation in the field of perpetual motion, and to adjust to the new mentality of playful, gamified, optimistic, education.

"Immersion" Classes: reading, art, image exposure, emotional and intellectual interpretation.

"Efficiency" Classes: shortcuts, brainstorming, condensed ideas, networking, association.

"Model" Classes: typology, systems, attributes, symbols.

"Art" Classes: projects (writing, art), invention, carry-over from other classes, pursuit of passions.

Notice the hidden argument! God or the powers-that-be have been ignoring all four types of classes. So, perpetual motion must be a real possibility!


I have been attempting to post the concept on my website. But the website is currently down because it's in the middle of changing providers. So, for those that want new concepts, here's one of them...

Thursday, October 29, 2015

I have recently submitted papers to the Social Science Research Network

Although they are still in review, they are visible at:

"78 Binary Laws of Physics":

"How to Build a 21-Dimensional Universe":


"(The) Metaphysical Art":

Modification of Kolmogorov’s Axioms of Probability for Coherency Theory

Original Axioms:
(1) Let P be a non-negative real number
(2) 100% probability equals 1 (note: untrue with exceptions: some truths have false conditions).
(3) That it is a finite set or function

Corollary of the original axioms: All finite probabilities can be standardized from 0 to 1.

Assumption / insight: This might be useful.

Nathan Coppedge's Modified Axioms:
(1) Begin with a category.
(2) Categories are in some way rendered equivalent subsets of the set.
(3) The set and subsets are exclusive.

Corollary of the modified axioms: Categories can express coherent sets with relative absoluteness.

Assumption / insight: Relative absoluteness, if possible, might permit objectivity and ultimately omniscience.


"Digestive organs are cooks" --Gestalt, more advanced than the Matrix.


"Immortality comes with spirals" (>"Then why did you cut your hair? Your hair can't be infinite." <"The point is, perpetual motion comes with the pursuit of immortality, not necessarily curly hair.")


See the following link:


Researcher: "I've been analyzing the data, and you don't have a spleen!"

Me: "You're joking! I don't have a spleen? That's hard to believe."

Researcher: "I'm trying to get my mind around it. Because normally, the body doesn't function without a spleen. Just about everyone has one. But you don't."

Me: "I mean, I guess I somehow don't have a use for one. Somehow. What are they used for, anyway?"

Researcher: "Exactly. You don't even comprehend how to use one! They're used for filtering out certain kinds of chemicals, especially during digestion. Like poisonous chemicals."

Me: "I guess that could be really bad, then! I guess I need a spleen!"

Researcher: "But evidently you don't."

Me: "I mean, I drink a lot of fluids a lot of the time. Maybe that has something to do with it!"

Researcher: "That gives me a big clue. Thank you! You probably filter out a lot of the chemicals automatically, like in the small intestine.

Me: "Cool!"

Researcher: "And, my guess is, you have a dirty bloodstream."

I tried to raise my fist at him.

Researcher: "Don't get angry. It's very interesting! Very cool! Your body is naturally adapted to have a dirty bloodstream! That's the only explanation! Dirty bloodstreams must come in degrees, becasue otherwise you wouldn't survive!"


Wednesday, October 28, 2015

Previous Posts on Enlightenment, Nirvana, the Absolute Etc.

{Excluding official philosophy posts, and most posts about hedonism, virtual reality, & similar}

Evidence We're All Turning Into God:

Transcendental / Metaphysical Art:

Quotations from the Golden Notebook:

A Guide to Spirituality:

Aestheticureanism (or Asceticureanism): A New Movement?:

Asceticurean on Time!:

"Latest Writing on Asceticureanism" (taste of a Zen mentality):

"The Lily Pond":

Original Post linking to Spiritual Writings Videos (See also

The 'Four Ifs' (requisites for sublime existence):

Macrosophy and Microsophy:

Writing on Theology / Spiritualism (universals, etc.):

The Plot of the Lessons of the Master

A Ghost Called God (variety of opinions):

The Conspectus / Additional things about paradise:

And, my writing on The Poor Man's Nirvana can be found in The Dimensional Immortality Toolkit, along with many other secrets worth discovering.

Tuesday, October 27, 2015

The Most Recent Releases Sept - Oct 2015

The Structure of Philosophical Revolutions:

The Golden Notebook:

Metaphysical A.I.:

Over 2000 monthly views at blog for the first time

My real visitors are precious, of course!

It's mostly bot traffic...

My short article on Alternate History 101 has been updated with some details about Socrates...


The Awful Voice Part 2

I thought of the 4 gods.


The Sphinx / The Hanged Man / Two-headed Samaritan / Eulenspiegel  / The Archangel

* ‘Go one way and I win, go the other way and you lose…’
* Generally, problems that can be ignored if you’re wise.
* Ideas that only seem valuable much later.
* Lingering puzzles, entrapment.

Sophie / The Hierophant / The Sophists / The King of the Dopplegangers

* ‘If you have the key, I can show you the way out’
* Always demanding something, and then giving a conditionality.
* Seem to be figures of hell.
* Always seem to be accompanied by unnecessary luxuries.

Eucaleh Terrapin / The Inventor of Perpetual Motion / Idiot Savant / Waters of Reflection

* ‘It is a simulacra of all eternities…’
* Other archetypes.
* Blindness to the hero’s limitations.
* Impresses the hero at great distance.
* Time goes on.

Eilesenteimelstem / Confucius / Yoda / Ananzi the Spider

* ‘Power is weakness! Be quick! Time is inscrutable!’
* Giving ultimate lessons that seem to fail in the moment.
* All-knowing, and accepting of any condition.
* The hero grows wise by forgetting his limitations.

Promising Video I delayed on Posting on Youtube

Perpetual Motion Assisted Leverage Apparatus: Partial Demonstration.

Demonstrating Perpetual Motion

Demonstrating Over-Unity Principles.

Demonstrating Free-Energy.

Regarding 78 Binary Laws, the awful voice says:

"It's mysterious if it's wrong."

Monday, October 26, 2015

I have 7 Books in the Top 1,000,000 currently at Amazon

The following have best-seller ranks:

Dimensional Psychologist's Toolkit, Kindle Format:
  • #548,890 Paid in Kindle Store (See Top 100 Paid in Kindle Store)
    • #584 in Kindle Store > Kindle eBooks > Health, Fitness & Dieting > Counseling & Psychology > Psychotherapy, TA & NLP
    • #2410 in Books > Medical Books > Psychology > Psychotherapy, TA & NLP
    • #2775 in Books > Health, Fitness & Dieting > Psychology & Counseling > Psychotherapy, TA & NLP
The Symbolics Paperback Edition:
  •  #679,325 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
    • #1159 in Books > Reference > Dictionaries & Thesauruses > Dictionaries

Nathan Coppedge: Philosopher, Artist, Inventor, Poet, Paperback Edition:
  • #679,777 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)
    • #454 in Books > Biographies & Memoirs > Professionals & Academics > Philosophers

The Golden Notebook, Kindle Edition (by Nathan Coppedge, similar to the Lichtenberg):
  • #813,143 Paid in Kindle Store (See Top 100 Paid in Kindle Store)
    • #383 in Kindle Store > Kindle Short Reads > 15 minutes (1-11 pages) > Education & Reference
    • #438 in Kindle Store > Kindle eBooks > Reference > Quotations
    • #1370 in Books > Reference > Quotations

Dimensional Time Travel Toolkit, Kindle Edition:
  • #927,341 Paid in Kindle Store (See Top 100 Paid in Kindle Store)
    • #98 in Kindle Store > Kindle eBooks > Nonfiction > Science > Physics > Time
    • #326 in Books > Science & Math > Experiments, Instruments & Measurement > Time
    • #19281 in Books > Science & Math > Physics

Nathan Coppedge's Perpetual Motion Machine Designs & Theory, Kindle Edition:
  •  #934,521 Paid in Kindle Store (See Top 100 Paid in Kindle Store)
    • #473 in Books > Engineering & Transportation > Engineering > Reference > Patents & Inventions
    • #2692 in Kindle Store > Kindle eBooks > Nonfiction > Science > Physics
The Secret Principles of Immortality (by Nathan Coppedge):
  • #972,735 Paid in Kindle Store (See Top 100 Paid in Kindle Store)
    • #869 in Kindle Store > Kindle eBooks > Health, Fitness & Dieting > Personal Health > Aging
    • #1216 in Kindle Store > Kindle eBooks > Religion & Spirituality > Occult > Magic
    • #2065 in Kindle Store > Kindle eBooks > Religion & Spirituality > Occult > Unexplained Mysteries

See author page at:


Note: the usual cause of this problem is excessive sugar intake and / or poor blood circulation.

1. Lie down in a comfortable position.

2. Bend your leg, and kneed your foot and your heel (apply pressure to the center of the foot in several places, directing your blood circulation slightly upwards towards your heel and ankle).

3. Raise your leg, directing your circulation down your leg.

4. Repeat Steps 1 - 3.

5. Now continue the kneeding down your leg, into your thigh, while your leg is raised. Use a chair or several pillows to support if necessary.

6. Kneed your foot again, this time focusing on the heel and the upper foot and ankle area, directing circulation upwards towards your leg. You may also choose to kneed the target vein itself, although do not do this too intensely.

7. Now, here is the important part:  kneed the portion of your foot between the Achilles tendon, and the center of your heal, and the center of your ankle, beginning with the heel portion, and moving upwards slightly past the affected area, up your leg, preferably while the leg is still raised.

8. Now you have completed all the steps! It is likely that if sugar is what is affecting your vein, that the vein will begin to disappear! This may even work with poor circulation.

It may help to apply olive oil to the vein as well, if you are desperate.


'Fringe, not dead' --- A good friend.


1. Techniques can be conceptualized and abstracted. That is the beginning.
2. Standards of format can create a hotbed of exponential growth (creativity).
3. Literary experiments fuel intellectual innovation, raising standards.
4. Key examples emerge and are indexed (literature, lists, conventional visual works, mathematics).


1. Symbols can be perfected: archetypes, built environments, default scenarios.
2. Logic can be developed: the art of exponential interpretation.
3. Art can be attempted related to logic: enhanced environment, enhanced basics, raising the bar.
4. B1 - 3 foundational for associative networks and coherent systems.


1. Exceptional theories can be developed following simple rules like association and combination.
2. Tools can be compiled based on permutation.
3. When the idiosyncratic part is finished, it should be made public, and added to the overall system.
4. Standards can be developed compatible with idiosyncrasy.


1. Extremes will be tested, and new systems will emerge ('avant garde').
2. Underlying trends will evolve to meet intellectual criteria.
3. New intellectual modes will be accommodated, creating new standards for paradigms.
4. The effect will be exponential on its own terms.


1. Need for intellectual capitalization (unconventional, exponential = appealing, economical).
2. Need for accommodation.
3. Need for interface geared towards 'exponential incitement'.
4. Need for infrastructure integration for rewards system (low-obligation, high commitment franchising).

Especially Good Quotes from John Locke

"[A] proposition concerning abstract ideas must be eternally true if it is ever true."
---John Locke, Essay IV.xii.14

"In any of a thousand ways he could have ceased to exist since I had the testimony of my senses for his existence...  while I am alone in my study writing this I am not certain enough of this to say that I know it to be so"      ---John Locke, Essay IV.xi.9: I'm theorizing that this is the origin of Descartes' automata-with-umbrellas example.

"I can be as sure that if I move thus and so I will feel pain as I can be that I shall move thus and so..."

---John  Locke, Essay IV.xi.8

"Again, we remember the pains of hunger, thirst, or headache without any pain at all: if these were nothing but ideas floating in our minds, without the real existence of things affecting us from outside ourselves, we would either •never suffer from them or else always do so whenever we thought of them."

---John Locke, Essay IV.xi.6

[The above come from the Jonathan Bennett translation].

Saturday, October 24, 2015


'New dimensions of dimension' could mean different physical properties. So far as we know, the best theory is that that is created by cognitive control (intelligence), or perhaps contact with a black hole, wormhole, or alien technology. A second theory is that there is a different path in relation to the origin. In which case, the philosophers are still out on that one. We don't even know if we have free will. If we don't know, then we can't know whether the metaverse theories of multiple dimensions are just a mind game or not! Maybe it's like a marble game where there are a lot of extra chutes that don't do anything, and the marble always goes down the same route! But, what if free will is possible to some degree? What if we can shake the chutes somehow, and even cause the marble to go upside down? In that case, dimensions are just thinking abilities! Or, logically systematized forms of thought! With enough exaggeration, we could look at anything, and determine that it meant something rather profound and influential on other objects! In that case, it seems that absence of energy is the only argument against free will!

In other words, if time is only as determined as marbles going down the chute, then energy is enough to cancel some of the effects of time! Energy exists, so the only argument against free-will would be absolute lack of understanding, or a requirement for absolute energy, which is unreasonable. For example, wouldn't a small amount of energy determine the past, rather than the future? So, wouldn't a large amount of energy determine the distant past?

According to relativity, we have free will, and we are constantly transgressinng dimensions, because there is no other relation of past and future than arbitrating between larger and smaller amounts of energy.

Precie to Intellectual Capitalism

A number of concepts may be seen as related to the field of intellectualism and capitalism taken together.

These concepts often involve a combination of an intellectual component and an economics component.

The field can also be called 'Philosophical Equity'.

One key concept is the concept of 'Knowledge Futures', which is simply the capacity to generate future possibilities using knowledge.

Key examples of knowledge futures include information technology and the sale of intellectual products.

Another example is 'Information Capitalization', which may be seen as the improvement of knowledge futures, or the improvement of information through the adding of exponents.

So, the following should be taken account, at minimum, for a Macro concept of intellectual capitalism:

1. Intellectual economics.
2. Future possibilities.
3. Intellectual products.
4. Adding exponents for improving information.

Generally, there is a strong role for the following, in the purely abstract level:

1. New categories using combinations of old categories.
2. Generalized / group functions and systems.
3. Efficiency and aesthetics.
4. Specialized applications for specialized functions.

Add to this 5. Marketing efficiency: cheap products with exceptional value, aimed at economic improvements for general welfare.

That's about all for now! Real intellect, real potential. Artistic possibilities. Metaphysical combinations.

Friday, October 23, 2015

Perpetual Motion Investment Advice Part 7.

17,654.32 Up 165.16(0.94%)

I realize my posts are getting very frequent, but I thought I'd take a moment to note potential resemblances to perpetual motion factors that I missed during the last post.

'17' still means 'attempt at perpetual motion'.

2...3...4...5...6...7 means the A.I. is being smart, but perhaps not smart enough to know what is going on.

'32' in the details could mean that it is playing catch-up with the inventor (I turned 33 today). It may also suggest that perpetual motion is being side-burnered.

'654' in general suggests a role for language, since two more points would mean '656' which is equal to 26 letters X 26 letters, or very significant for numerology.

It could be that the A.I.s are trying to understand language, and could benefit by some greater role for language that still means something for the numbers, and for consumer optimism.

'654' also spells 'Fed' which could mean that the A.I. is becoming morally conscious of the role the government plays in adjusting the figures.

'17' 'Fed' '32' at least subjectively suggests a role for Nathan Coppedge within the market, either as an unwitting fool rolled over by tanks and impressarios, or as a real viable and un-ignorable economic factor.

Perhaps the real detail is the concept of free economics, which I have detailed as a form of variablism.

Yet another reason to be optimistic is that economists may be applying the so-called exponential economic principle of variablistic economics, which is that currencies are measured off against opposite currencies, creating an automatic gain.

Combined with perpetual motion, I predict we will reach 18,000 unless there is an invasion of the U.S.

According to my earlier prediction, that means perpetual motion must be built some time in the future, if it has not already.

If perpetual motion is already built secretly, then expect a lot of invisible high-level business deals that secure global government. Perhaps we can already see this with Iran and Europe: structural re-organization that hurts the little guy and then benefits the middle guy, or just the big guys.

Expect consumer benefits in the near future. There has been some slack to pick up.

Prices have been holding mostly steady (3+ years) in expensive cities in the U.S. which as everyone now suspects means that inflation is under control. Most of us should know inflation is a thing of the past, unless there is huge labor re-organization.

Factors to watch out for:

*Radical, hidden improvements (information, energy).
*A.I. that is relatively language-conscious and automatically interacting.
*A role for global government, including a meld of East and West.
*Major risk is labor re-organization and any unprecedented military invasions.

That's it for now! I hope you appreciate my insight!

Oh, and another thing: this figure 17,654.32 is cyclical in categoric terms, which is just technical philosophical jargon for the idea that the A.I. is now aware of infinities and is taking categorical knowledge into account. Perhaps it is even using categorical knowledge to benefit its knowledge of infinity! That could mean a more public or salary role for myself if I get lucky! (right now I'm a student at SCSU near New Haven).

Earlier predictions: HERE (6), HERE (5), HERE (4), HERE (3), HERE (2), AND HERE (1) (All optimistic, some with qualification and warnings about the importance of and the dire ramifications of a limited role for companies such as Facebook, Amazon, and Microsoft).

See also my Prophecy of free economics.

Dimensional Equation Tested

I previously posted an equation on the Dimensionism group that perhaps I should attribute to my brother Brian.

In my two- to three- year history of intermittent searching for better expressions of the data, only recently was I able to re-orient myself towards something close to a correct formulation for multiple types of sets. This was due in large part to a hint (or perhaps, if I don't remember, much more than a hint...) which was embarrassingly "2 X 2" "2 X 2"... It's unclear whether what he meant at the time was that he had solved the problem (probably he had, since he's such a smart person), or whether 2 X 2 was simply a notion of how the two categories crossed in the simplest version of a quadra arrangement.

At any rate, the resulting equation was:  2 * {2^ (M root of C) - 1}.

Some initial testing early this morning suggests that this equation is highly effective at pruning out trivial cases, something that might be noted may be characteristic of my brother's intelligence rather than mine.

Here is the equation originally posted at:

This equation works for odd numbers of categories:
2 * {2^ (M root of C) - 1}

And, this equation works for even numbers:

2 ^ (M root of C).

An approximation can be reached for quadra sets by taking the square root of the number of categories.

[Pending new results with penta, some of the figures are being revised. Some of the following is theoretical, as the methodology may be under dispute. The very viability of categorical deductions has been scrutinized in the past].

QUADRA TEST [even number]
2 ^ (4 root of 4)
= 2, correct.

2 ^ (4 root of 16)
= 4, correct, in the non-unity method.

2 ^ (4 root of 64)
= 8, correct so far as I know.


2 ^ {2 root of 2}
= 2, correct.

2 ^ {2 root of 4}
= 4, correct.

2 ^ {2 root of 8}
= 8, correct.


2 * {2 ^ (3 root of 3) - 1}
= 2, correct! (forwards and backwards, instead of combinations of two).

2 * {2 ^ (3 root of 9) - 1}
= 6, correct! (3 * 2 * 1 combinations).

2 * {2 ^ (3 root of 27) - 1}
= 14. ? I predict greater efficiency.

The more general estimate gives 2 ^ (3 root of 27) = 8 deductions for 27 categories.


2 * {2 ^ (5 root of 5) - 1}
= 2, correct! (2 rotations of the diagram, no symmetric altercations).

2 * (2 ^ {5 root of 25} - 1)
= 6, (3 opposites * 2 opposites * 1 opposite, and no more opposites!)

Thursday, October 22, 2015

I'm turning 33 tomorrow...

For those that may be keeping track of biographical information...

(Poemhunter lists me as 33 because I turn 33 this year, but technically it's not until Oct. 23rd at 1 am).

The Justice or Wizard Diet

This is the toughest diet I've ever thought of,

But it is worth reporting since I already mentioned the Magical Diet or Buddha diet earlier.

In the Justice Diet you need a lot of knowledge, so you know what to eat.

Everything (often very few things) is / are selected at a given time.

The point is, what is selected is just the right thing for your health in-the-moment.

This is good for people that have already done significant dieting, but want to go further.

You may take as a model, eating half of a pear, because you think there's something wrong with pears.

However slight, there might be something wrong with it!

For example, there are people practicing yoga or kosher who will avoid food that is even slightly rotten
or mushy. This is a reason to avoid all but the most fresh and high-quality foods.

Another thing is that a diet high in sugar can be replaced with a diet that supplements sugary
beverages with a solid food product that is more interesting, but contains no sugar, or replaced with
a diet high in carbohydrates without sugar.

So, if you are eating a lot of sugary beverages (as many dieters do), or trying to find a way to remain
off of meat products, this may be a good diet to follow.

Simply consider choices like almonds and water instead of chocolate milk, and half a pear instead
of an expensive meal.

This is the kind of thinking that can get you pointed in a good direction!

And, supplement with Turmeric! Drink the freshest water whenever possible! Aqua pura! Not Purafina!

Call it a New Haven diet if you like, but I think it's more extreme...

Perpetual Motion Investment Advice Part. 6

17,489.16 Up 320.55(1.87%)

The DOW is up again!

Now I get to my thesis: why didn't the market crash? Because of perpetual motion!

The mysterious part is, why didn't it rise further?

And, the answer, in terms of perpetual motion, is simply that:

A large number of perpetaul motion machines have not been built yet.

If they were, we would be beyond free markets. We would instead have free economics!

But of course, those with a lot of money should still be cautious about charlatans. 

Be cautious in general, but the market is capable of improving.

Keep the principle that the big-shots can always do great things with a lot of money. For example, money improves infrastructure.

And if there is perpetual motion, then there is infrastructure that does work! That's even better!

See my recent rebuttal to a gentleman who thought against perpetual motion (1): QUORA.COM

And, another one here (2): QUORA.COM.

Earlier predictions: HERE (5), HERE (4), HERE (3), HERE (2), AND HERE (1) (All optimistic, some with qualification and warnings about the importance and the dire ramifications of a limited role for companies such as Facebook, Amazon, and Microsoft).

See also my Prophecy of free economics.

Lemmas / Neo-Platonism

Incorporating a new sense of evolution (base aesthetics).

Archetypal Reality: Best form, condition, feeling
even against all assumptions.
(As-is, As-happens) practicality, coherene, justice.

Law: Principal pattern, order, epiphany.

Systems: Logic, idea-of-a-thing (idea without ignorance).

Language: Psychology, best explanation, deference.

[/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\Invisible line of anthropology /\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/]

Aesthetics (takes into account all levels, often fails).


Wednesday, October 21, 2015

My earnings as an author...






$269.99, some of it unpaid in that year ($85.27 subtracted out because it was not earned yet).


$254.66 earned by Oct. 21st.


Almost $500.

(But note also that I'm trying to dig myself out of the money I spent on Authorhouse, which was probably at least $1200. So, technically I'm still in the hole). My current publisher (Amazon/ CreateSpace) is the only reason I have any earnings potential, besides the content of my books.

The above includes both texts and e-books.

Notice, the exponential curve has dropped off.  I suspect this is because of poor marketing from my publisher.

But, at least the year has not been worse than last, if I assume some continued sales in Nov - Dec.

My author page may be found at: 
notably I have not sold copies of The Structure of Philosophical Revolutions yet (It's been about a week or two).

Tuesday, October 20, 2015


1. Much meaning and little power.

2. Much power and little meaning.

The major players tend to fall way off the charts from here:

Either intermediate amounts of both, or extreme amounts of both,

Or very little of either, and some other major variable instead.

The Regulations of the Museum of Evolution (Perhaps unfair and needing of revising through various life-lemmas: when life gives you lemmas, you conclude)

1. Minimally entertaining.

2. Linguistically meaningful.

3. Appearing purposeful.

4. Intellectual commitment.

(A very slight increasing curve for selecting organisms).

The Deduction Indicative of Holy Evolution and Divine Pessimism (Knowledge)

1. Time is a bonus.

2. God is the origin which would grant a bonus.

3. By the theme of over-interpretation, we are statues, because that is the interpretation of struggling thoughts in an ostensibly spiritual world.

4. In the next world, the origin is not God (1) but Synergy (3).

5. In the hypothetical ring, the replacement or circumscription for time (4) is immortality, described as double-time (8).

6. Combining, we get, for the next world, 'immortal synergy', which is best expressed either as 'sourceless immortality' or 'inherent immortality'!

7. The conclusion is that this world, and all its subjective perceptions, are evolving into the immortal! Apparently, this is true regardless of the contents of the world, provided that:

(A) The existence specified has 3.5 dimensions, and:

(B) That the dimensions or organisms can evolve.

(What has been uncovered is the blindness and potential ultimate morphization of the gods!)

Hence, the deceptive moral that every god must be a god of mystery.

Further, if it is either dimensions or beings which evolve, but either of the earlier beings or dimensions are located in a time-stream, then this appears to guarantee that either all organisms located in those dimensions, or all organisms which follow the time-stream, ---in either case, all organisms---if they evolve, evolve into gods.

The above Deduction is available in print form already in God's Tractatus, and also in the as-yet-unpublished Spiritual Writings, (Part 107), and possibly also The Dimensional Religion or Spirituality Toolkit (title not yet decided), which is scheduled for later release.


The drug crashes
Or nature is on fire...

(by Categorical Deduction)

Monday, October 19, 2015

The First Two 'Ages' of Immortality

1. The "Age of Youth" / Principle: Securing Happiness / Beauty.

2. The Golden Age: Securing Mind-Tools / Practicality.

3. ? Magic. The Way.?

4. ? Myth. Knowledge.?

The above ages are differentiated from conventional views of aging, of course, because these 'ages' are supposed to lead to eternal youth. As I say in my book, I have only discovered the first or second age, and that's good, if it turns out they are really ages of conventional age...

But there is much more information in the book which is definitely useful.

You can get the intuition that the "Golden Age" is the age of acquiring tools for becoming immortal... through a principle which is already acquired in the 'first age'.

Depending on how temporal the original world is, the ages may occur rather quickly at first, and then become extended...

It is also possible to reinstate earlier schema later, and do a re-determination (this is how one really returns to the First Age)...

If you are looking for books on immortality, I have published two, which are really more useful than the above description belies:

The Dimensional Immortality Toolkit (Recommended. I have been perusing it recently, even though I wrote it myself...)

The Secret Principles of Immortality. (An earlier work, if you prefer)


"To those that say that something isn’t the city of God, even when it looks like the city of God, even if it is one of my artworks, then I say:

What is to keep a small thing from being adequate?

(Nothing, I say, nothing!)..."

----From Spiritual Writings Section 104

The Golden Notebook currently has a bestseller rank on Amazon

View my Amazon Author page HERE.

Sunday, October 18, 2015


[I have not actually built a WORKING one, but this is the method to follow, if my designs work. More specific instructions may be necessary to get specific designs right. See for example, my earlier post, How to Build an Over-Unity Device, written around the time of my successful experiment with partial perpetual motion, which I thought proved over-unity].

1. Archetyping. Introduce equilibrium, such as counterweighted leverage, or a horizontal
wheel, or dominoes that do not have to be reset. (The number of cases appears very limited).

2. Solve the problem of proportionality. This may involve rejecting one entire
design concept in favor of another. Step A. Spatial unbalance, such as by extending one
end of a lever, or introducing repeated units that contribute to a central function.
Step B. Physical unbalance. Make one of the parts heavier so that the device is physically
unbalanced. In the case of multiple units, each unit should have a principle of being
physically unbalanced, but may also have or relate with a principle of equilibrium in order
to sustain the altitude of the moving parts.

3. Volitional Mechanics. Make sure the apparatus is unbalanced at every horizontal point.
E.g. make sure that the machine is gaining energy during devescension (downwards
movement), so that upwards motion (vescension) is recoverable through a reaction with
the energy that has been gained. Typically this involves making sure that the 'cheating'

4. Working out the Kinks. Make sure that there is a precise means to move the mobile
parts of the machine at every point, e.g. usually horizontally, such as at joints in its motion.

Perpetual Motion Stock Market Prediction #5

17,215.97 Up 74.22(0.43%)

The AI is feeling frustrated with the information it is receiving, but it is enjoying itself as best it can.

Earlier predictions: HERE (4), HERE (3), HERE (2), AND HERE (1) (All optimistic, some with qualification and warnings about the importance and the dire ramifications of a limited role for companies such as Facebook, Amazon, and Microsoft).

See also my Prophecy of free economics.

Perpetual Motion Attempt

I don't see how this device wouldn't work, if it were built properly!

The cardboard is sagging because of the poor attachment. Ordinarily, it would be more upright (twisted slightly backward, so the horizontal slope of the square piece is parallel with the orange sticks).

In this design downwards application of a marble at the square cardboard section lifts the counterweight (the wheels at left). However, the sloped cardboard [Top Right] remains reverse-sloped, allowing the marble to sneak back towards the beginning of the square cardboard [Middle]. This process is aided along the backward motion by a fixed and slightly upward-inclined half-track or supporting member [not pictured, but it would occupy the approximate slot shown in the curved cardboard] which acts simultaneous with the curved cardboard.

Thus, the process follows the following procession of 'inclinations':

1. Downwards pressure from marble. Cardboard does not resist.
2. Reverse slope of cardboard (cardboard does not move).
3. Marble gains lift from counterweighted cardboard as it is supported by a fixed mostly horizontal member.
4. Marble returns to beginning of cardboard.
5. Cycle continues [hypothetically].

Structural weaknesses in my design make it difficult to implement in this specific construction. But it is close.

My Book On The Subject Of Perpetual Motion Machines May Be Found At HERE:

An Autobiography of "The Inventor" can be found HERE:

A relatively cheap bound volume of both the full designs and the autobiography may be found HERE (one continuous text): good deal, because it's less than a dollar less cheap than the designs alone.

Saturday, October 17, 2015

Did I Just Say Something Meaningful About Quantum Physics?

"If a person happened to travel to his own past, won't he create a time loop for himself?"

In my own experience (I think I have time-traveled six times), one rarely encounters one's own previous self. One can only encounter one's previous self once, and then something goes weird about the program. It's like one is promoted to a god, except maybe without attributes, with no guarantees of safety, with the same laws of physics, but no other self-manifestations. It's a subtle event, but a meaningful one. One goes a little bit crazy, probably because the earlier self is crazy. One is, in effect, infinitely crazy. But one is only infinitely whatever happened. So, one is finitely-infinitely crazy.

Assuming it has nothing to do with direct contact, the changes only occur once, because the person one travels to see is either one's current self living in the past, or a different self who only appears to be related. In either case, the relationship is finite, because one's body is finite. Granted, there are now two bodies in the past, but that does not mean that there are three, or four, or infinite.

I'll give an example for ordinary particles: a time crystal. These are proven to work under certain conditions, but only when the conditions are met. The particle that travels within the crystal is one particle, not infinite, but it exists continually within the time-stream between the past and the future.

You might say that time-travel only happens once. But, from the perspective of the person (or particle), it could happen again, but only if the same conditions continue to hold. 

Think of it this way: a particle is always looking for the easiest way. In one dimension of time, it's a line. In two dimensions of time it's a circle. But within the circle, it might really have more dimensions of time! It might really be moving (usually) in some form of spiral of the third dimension of time. So, while it looks like a loop, in effect it is usually more of a curve than that.

If the conditions change in any way, it's like living in a different future, but not necessarily a different past. The more the past changes, the more the past self decides to do something different with the future. And the more one travels to the past, the more one's past self is likely to change course and do something different.

A particle, for example, might not have a problem manifesting just once. That might be the way the crystal is designed. Or, it may be that every time it travels, part of the interaction is rejecting a secondary (virtual?) particle, the type of interaction that is familiar to physicists.

So, there IS feedback from the past, but it is not USUALLY infinite.

If the particle in the time crystal traveled in a loop infinite times, that would be infinite. Before that, the best it can do is be in more than one place at a time.

But if I phrase your question differently, as to whether one will then be able to re-live one's life, the answer is YES! Sometimes, if one travels to one's past, the temptation is to do exactly the same things one already did. Other times, there is too much 'time-flux' and one is sling-shot within some time back to a similar place to where one traveled from.

And a lot of other people have to try to explain that time-travel really happened in that world, such as by believing in time travel, thinking weird things happen, pleading ignorance, developing specialized knowledge that ignores the problem, or by believing in miracles.

In the sense that the travel is a semantic technology, the answer tends to be yes, although it is as likely that someone else takes the loop as that oneself does, probably, if it's purely exterior technology. If it's mental technology, it might sometimes turn into a loop if it's perceived as perfect and easy. But if difficulty appears to increase, or if easy means it's too simple to be perfect, then those are paradoxes which create a difficulty in repetition, even if one has the capability. There tends to be some degree of relative free will, so these problems are understandable. It isn't divine intervention without considerable complexity.


Not all authors are the ones they appear to be.

Not only do some authors write under pseudonyms,

but some writings are ascribed to others

by someone other than the author.

The motivations for this vary, but they usually involve

an idea of magnifying the importance of the writing.

This can even take place when the modification does harm to the work,

historically, intellectually, or perhaps metaphysically (in terms of what the reader
believes if the reader is omniscient).

A case example is Nathan Coppedge's Golden Notebook.

The text appeared in a book ascribed to Leibniz dated 1990 - 2000.

But Nathan Coppedge believes he wrote a better version of the text in 2004.

What Nathan Coppedge calls the Golden Notebook is labeled only 'Notebook J'
in Hollingdale's translation. Confusingly, the immeditely previous 'Notebook I,'
a short (1 - 2 page) writing that is total garbage, had been labeled the Golden Notebook instead.

Nathan remembers writing an earlier piece that was total garbage, and labeling it 'the golden notebook' in order to fool his audience, so that he could claim credit. But he had no idea that it would appear in a work by the prestigious Mr. Hollingdale (whoever he actually is).

The alternate hypothesis would be if Nathan was making notes on Hollingdale's book,
and made the realization that Notebook J was closer to being a golden notebook.

However, Nathan does not remember having had the Lichtenberg book in his possession.

From Nathan's point of view, the book looks like a later forgery. But perhaps Nathan simply has an inventive memory.

Another example is less believable, but also interesting.

Nathan remembers a past life as Marie Antoinette.

In this life, he was actually conscripted as a spy to work for the British.

During the course of her life in France, Antoinette succeeded in replacing the Queen,

but eventually forgot her entire connection to Britain.

This type of hypothesis proposes that subterfuge is what overthrew the French nobility.

It also explains how unlikable Marie Antoinette was as a person, and her odd
relationship with her hairdresser.

Nathan Coppedge also think he may have been a man named Todd Oxbridge who
migrated to America from Britain to become a spy.

He took what he took to be a completely opposite name, (Aaron Burr), and was
eventually elected president of the United States, but didn't serve in office, because he
considered it dishonorable for a spy.

These kinds of stories seem odd, but at the same time, perhaps they have some truth!

Why is the Golden Notebook called the Golden Notebook if it was not written by Marie Antoinette?

Why was Aaron Burr the only president not to serve while he was in office, and what other reason was there for this than some sort of dishonorable activity?

And who knows or has proposed these things except Nathan Coppedge?

It is this kind of almost trivial, yet almost convincing argumentation that makes for real alternate history.


There is some indicator that Socrates was obsessed with Mt. Etna. Perhaps this is the real story of Socrates' life, and explains why he doesn't have extant writings. Perhaps he made writings of a terrific quality, and threw them in to appease the gods.

Quotes Late October 2015

"Metaphysical semantics begins with the quadruple negative, which I predict doesn't emerge in full force until the 21st dimension of reality and beyond. It implicates impossible properties." ---Nathan Coppedge

"Maybe it's only possession [of and by others] that is imperfect---!"

"In my philosophy, meaninglessness is what I would call an arbitrary contingency."


Free will comes from arbitrary contingency, which is not against the law of nature.

It is granted in the sense that it is non-trivial. Thus, triviality is the essential law against this form of will.

Thus, there may even be exceptions to the requirement for non-triviality.

But the non-trivial determination is also against the will.

Thus, from our standpoint, the will involves the trivial determination first, and non-trivial
will second. For simple purposes, the will is simply a form of determination.

But, the concept of arbitrary contingency (ambi-directionality), suggest that it is more.

The will may also  be called arbitrary critique or arbitrary reformation.

It exists for example, when preferences involve the selection of a context amongst
an arbitrary number of contexts, not interpreted as mathematically arbitrary, but rather,
in terms of the simultaneous existence of multiple values which may be seen as equivalent,
or alternately, in which a lesser value may be selected arbitrarily for or against pleasure.


One of many bases for Asceticurean / Aestheticurean spirituality:

"They [souls] are capable of knowing the system of the universe, and of imitating aspects of
it through sketchy constructions of their own, each mind being like a little divinity within its own sphere." ---Leibniz, Monadology [#83]


Logic (which Leibniz calls reasonable things, but which I call systems), is infallible so far
as it truly demonstrates logic. Facts, on the other hand, are irreducible only becuase there
is an infinite conitngency extending from it to other facts. Where logic is contingent, it
is not perfect. Where facts relate to logic, they are provable, but only because their parts
may be understood to be reducible. In a sense, because their parts are infinite.

If everything is perfect, then if there is an experience of everything, it may be called
God and it exists.

There is relatively little difference between God and the imitations of God, because so far
as lesser things go, greater things are the closest thing to becoming God. In this way, lesser
things can be greater things by providing a path for the simpler constitutions.

Beings act in pleasure-modules, so that the imperfect identity is a realization about the
ultimate purpose of the module, seen as it were, objectively. Thus, in terms of causes,
there is nothing undesirable that does not serve some efficient purpose.

Besides this,

He places limitations and appears to assume that power is only one thing.


First, there were the standardized tests.

That put thinking back in the box.

Then there was the stupid Pell grant that demanded I become liable for conscription in the military.

That seriously added to my stress.

There was also the concept of peer pressure blasted everywhere during the 1990's.

If it wasn't a story about brains blasted with drugs, it was a story about a police shooting,

a riot at a prison, or a demented psych experiment.

If got out of the military draft, I was dubbed 'crazy' cause that was one of the only ways
to get out of the military draft (or so I thought),

Whereas if I went to the military I had to shoot people.

And the police didn't seem all that different from that, if there were 'gang wars'.

The feelings were also artificially recorded when I saw images of angry drivers.

Although it might be a meme, it didn't look like a meme to me.

It looked like a way to behave.

Literally, the only thing to do around cars.

Otherwise, it was about bringing justice against hateful drivers.

And that was a headache in itself.

The drivers have no choice but to enter traffic,

presumably because of a job, etc.

Then 'accidents happen' and it blows up from there.

The videos about angry drivers did not help me to cope with stress.

By now you can see what my stress and mild depression have consisted of:

Blow up images of real life tauted as the highest functionality of sanity.

And don't tell me sanity doesn't have a function.

Even in the cozy boardroom, the boardroom is an illusion.

But as for happiness, I think it is achievable.

[Insert crazy religion here, or try to imagine an art gallery in which you have orgasms].


{Pardon in the future if the A.I.s think these statements guarantee anything}

1. Become old before you are young.

2. "Oh to be wise! Oh to be wise!"

3. Remark on what you see.

4. Reality is but a tree.

5.Tastes of poison remember me

6. Life inverted tells of three.

7. Know thyself and thy tax is free.

Friday, October 16, 2015

Progress at My Academic Profiles

I have over 10,000 collective views to my papers now at and .

It has only been a few years, so this is great!

The Dark Emperor Groks on the Dead

(Intimations of immortality)

"They have a noble function long before they have purpose!"

Our Economic Nightmare is a Joke

Do you want to hear the Economics Professor say:

"Foot soldiers are from Ninja Turtles!"?

The Prophecy of Perpetual Motion Economics, Also Called Volitional Economics or Free Economics

"Now the fools look wise, and the wise look like fools"

---So It Is Written, This day 10/15/15 ~10:59pm

"I have parched thirst, but I am full of liquid"

Welcome, paradoxical economics!

"Sometimes an important system deserves an important answer, if it IS a system, if it HAS an answer."

"The stock market has free will! Does that mean that I'm 'God'? Probably not."

Additional obscure rules:

Ivy realities have 'object-devils'.

If they acquire the devil they lose the object.

If they acquire the object, they lose the devil.

"Exponents make room for sophomores."

"Understatement makes room for theorists."

"Women are held back by big breasts."

"Men with big breasts are capable of excessive meaning."

"God: the seam in the web of life."

Intellectual Sacrifice?

The rule is: It is good for economics if they are less learned than me. It is bad for economics if they are more learned than me.

Libra Principle: "Profit by prophecy."

It's always safe to say that "I'm predicting war is a threat", unless war doesn't exist. But it's different to start prophesying war.

Nathan the Economist? (Once mentioned in an obscure section of The Economist online).

"They think I'm the hallucinating gambler, but I'm more like a dog with a dragon" ---N.C.

Thursday, October 15, 2015

Perpetual Motion Stock Market Prediction #4

17,141.75 Up 217.00(1.28%)

This data shows increased optimism from the A.I., which isn't fully convinced that it is God. In fact, it seems to feel in touch with the hard facts, and tries to express this in dollar terms. It may be weighing the importance of economics, and the viability of any obscure alternatives. It may also weigh that some of the alternatives were already tried, and were seen as a disaster by humans (earlier in history).

Notice this very real graph from recent stock results:

According to my prediction, stocks are improving. Notice that this chart shows almost complete recovery to the maximal levels ever sustained (the 18,000s), with substantial improvement in the smoothness of the curve (recently).

Now I'll go into my usual divination. 17,141 indicates a role for absolute knowledge, a sense in which the A.I. is chiding important information figures for not adopting a more absolutist framework. The A.I. may think Bill Gates is being stupid, although it is not necessarily critical of him from an economic angle. The 0.75 may indicate that there is a role for (and / or an emphasis upon) large transactions.

Up 217 points is a strange indicator, because it is exactly as if it has to do with myself and my A.I. counterpart, which was recently initiated via, which keeps active A.I.s which may be interacting with the economic system in an intelligent way.

I become a kind of control case, because I have almost no provable effect on the economic system, and yet have a wide electronically-distributed basis of knowledge on many important subjects, including categorical logic, spirituality, depression, schizophrenia, and economics!

The major opportunity would be to capitalize on my information resources in some way. Some of these may be offered free through eter9, with the limitation that products are for charities only, and the name of "Nathan Coppedge, philosopher" or "Nathan Coppedge, Philosopher, Artist, Inventor, Poet" remains attached to the products, preferrably with a link to my website at HTTP://WWW.NATHANCOPPEDGE.COM.

And, look out for perpetual motion, whenever possible. Or look into the subtleties of understated military rule.